What is COVID-19 ? Coronavirus | How to Protect and Prevent from COVID-19 ?



Infectious agent that is too small to be seen with the human eye or even under a normal microscope. They can only replicate and multiply if inside a living organism such as a human, animal, or plant which acts as the host.
Respiratory viruses like to infect the lungs and airways. Respiratory infections tend to affect the normal function of the lungs causing breathing problems.

What is COVID-19 ?

COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered corona virus (SARS-Cov-2). This new virus and disease were unknown the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.
Corona viruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
The new corona virus  is spread from one person to another primarily through respiratory droplets generated when an infected person coughs or sneezes. According to resent reports it may be possible that people infected with the novel corona virus spread the virus before showing significant symptoms.
Some patients with confirmed infections with the novel corona virus have showed little to no symptoms while others have become severely ill and died. Symptoms of infection included : Fever, cough and shortness of breath. At this time, it is believed that symptoms may appear in as few as 2 days or as long as 14 days after exposure.
Scientists are working hard to understand this new virus and produce a vaccine. Antibiotics do not work against viruses; they only work on Bacterial infection. Therefore, antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention.

Models of Transmission:

There are three main models of transmission.

  1. Droplet Transmission : Droplet transmission when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks, and tiny drops from the infected person enter another person’s eyes, nose and mouth. The COVID-19 virus is transmitted through droplet transmission.
  2. Airborne Transmission : Airborne transmission of a virus occurs when small particles in the air containing the virus are inhaled into a person’s respiratory system. These infected particles can live in the air for a long period of time, leading to a spread of infection.
  3. Contact Transmission: Contact Transmission occurs when there is a physical contact between an infected person/contaminated object and another person: Through direct, contact where the infection travels to another person through touch. Through indirect, contact when a person touches an object contaminated by COVID-19.

The COVID-19 virus can be transmitted through contact. When an infected person coughs, droplets, can land on objects and surfaces around them. When another person touches these surfaces, their hands can get contaminated with the virus. If they touch their nose or mouth with contaminated hands, they can get infected.

What is the chain of COVID-19 infection?

A chain of infection refers to the path that viruses to enter a person and to be transmitted from one person to another. There are six steps in the chain of infection and we know that transmissions in the chain are present.
  1. Infectious Agent : The biological agent that can cause infectious dieses. It’s could be a Virus, bacteria, or funge!
  2. Reservoir : Where the organism resided, thrives, and reproduces.
  3. Portal of Exit : The place where the organism leaves the reservoir. Like toilet pot, on bleeding hands etc.
  4. Mode of Transmission : How an organism transports from one carrier to another. Such as touching a contaminated surface.
  5. Where the organism enter the body: Frequently same as the portal of exit.
  6. Susceptible host : Person who is at risk for developing an infection from the disease.

Can we can break the chain of infection ?

Yes we can ! Each and every one of us can do our part to slow and stop COVID-19 from sprading.
In fact, you’re done something right now- becoming an Ambassador to help you and your community Break the chain!

How to Protect and Prevent from COVID-19

Now, let’s learn about how we can protect ourselves and our loved ones through simple and practical changes to our daily behaviors and routines.
  1. Practicing good hand hygiene (Hand Washing) : washing your hands frequently helps to remove potentially harmful microorganisms from your hands. And this helps stop the spread of infection. when you don’t have access to soap and water, using hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol is a great way to ensure your hands are clean.
  2. Cleaning and disinfecting our environments : Properly clean these surfaces, Like mobile, Laptop or other daily uses items and sanitize these surface immediately.
  3. Cough and sneeze etiquette :  Cover Your Mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing of sneezing and dispose of the tissue immediately, If you do not have a tissue, sneeze into your elbow  rather than your hands, Wash your hands with soap and water immediately.
  4. Practicing social distancing: social distancing is a public health measure known to help stop or slow the spread of infectious diseases. This is especially important with COVID-19 because even those who do not show signs of illness may be sick and can spread the virus. Or important to maintaining a physical distance of at least 2 meters between other people. 
Main point to stay safe from COVID-19 Wear the face mask while you're around outdoor.

Note: This all information from (MBRU) which i get the information from online Training.
To take the full training Please click here .
if you're caring your loved please share this information to them and let's fight together with COVID-19

Thanks for your support.

What is COVID-19 ? Coronavirus | How to Protect and Prevent from COVID-19 ? What is COVID-19 ? Coronavirus | How to Protect and Prevent from COVID-19 ? Reviewed by Happy Nepal on March 29, 2020 Rating: 5

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